Type of Restorations:
- Composite restoration
- Amalgam restoration
- Porcelain restorations (such as crowns)
- Gold restorations
It is indicated when radiographic or clinical decay is observed. It can also be indicated to replace missing tooth structure due to fractures or wearing. All of these wearing areas must be covered to prevent future problems and to alleviate sensitivity.
When the filling is because of the decay area it involves removing the cavity and filling it out with resin or amalgam material Resin fillings are the most common type these days if the cavity, wearing or fracture is not too big. Our office is amalgam free. Therefore amalgam won’t be discussed.
The process for porcelain restorations usually takes 2 visits. In the case of crowns It involves making a smaller version of the tooth by reducing 1-2 mm depending on the material being used all around. This is followed by an impression or mold; which is usually sent to a lab for them to indirectly fabricate the restoration.
Inlay and Onlays are indicated as a stronger version of a regular filling. They are more esthetic and last a lot longer ( about 10 years) In particular onlays are the first step before a crown. The tooth that is a bit week but not enough to recommend a crown will benefit from an onlay.
The last restoration is the Bridge: which is the only fixed option to replace missing teeth aside from implants. It involves exactly the same process as the crown and it usually involves at least 2 of the adjacent teeth to the one missing.